This is some of the equipment I use.
I use Leadtek PCI capture cards which still work on Windows 10.
Leadtek WinFast PxDTV2300 H mainly for the component YPbPr input.
Leadtek WinFast DTV1000 S for digital TV, composite and s-video.
Leadtek WinFast DTV2000 DS Plus for digital TV and DAB+.
Leadtek WinFast PxDTV2300 H
Video Cassette Recorders
Panasonic DMR-EZ48V for its component YPbPr output (manufactured 2010)
Sharp VC-H710X (manufactured 2001).
Sharp VC-H726X (manufactured 2002)
The Panasonic DMR-EZ48V is used from 2023 with the Sharp units as backup.
Panasonic NV-HV60GL-S (manufactured 2003)
Panasonic NV-VP33GL (manufactured 2003)
Sharp VC-H730X (manufactured 2002)
A remote is needed to turn the on screen display (OSD) off for grabbing.
I clean the VCRs when they start to struggle with tracking or pops and clicks on the Hi-Fi audio which can be between 10 and 30 VHS cassettes depending on the condition of the cassettes played.
When linear audio is muffled I adjust the tracking head.
Some of my older recordings were with a Samsung DVD-V7000 (manufactured 2002) and LG DC593W (manufactured September 2002) units I had.
I use audio mixers to balance the audio as I am recording. Many VHS tapes loose signal over time and so one side can be quieter. I have also had tapes where the volume of the source was turned down and so the lower audio setting was recorded.
Using a mixer at the time of digitisation is much easier than trying to fix the audio in post editing.
Behringer XENYX 502
Behringer XENYX Q1202USB
Behringer XENYX 802
USB Sound Cards
These are only used for the Behringer XENYX 502 and 802 as it does not have built in USB.
Behringer UCA200, Behringer UCA202 and Behringer UCA222
VirtualDub2 is used for all grabbing, filters, encoding and final output.
Capture is grabbed lossless for easy post editing.
Filters such as deinterlace are used when needed and a final encode is produced. A separate job is made for all YouTube versions to work around YouTube's strange processing.
VirtualDub2 is also used in distributed mode as a Beowulf cluster for larger job lists.
Older captures were made using WinFast PVR2.
While Handbrake is excellent it has never been required.
Speed Winder SF-2000 Video Cassette Winder.
Good for moving stuck film and winding cassettes without wearing out any VCR.
Speed Winder VHS cassette times.
E180 = 3m 41s
E240 = 4m 34s
E300 = 5m 40s
Speed Winder SF-2000